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分类:我的文章   2009-04-08 19:44




   e.g. : She gave me a red apple.她给了我一个红苹果。 (she作主语,me作动词宾语)

   Kathy is near him.凯西靠近他。(him作介词near的宾语)


   形容词性物主代词位于名词前:their schoolhis backpack


   e. g. : It isn’t my pen. →Mine(=my pen) is missing. (作主语)

   I left my pen at home. You can use hers(=her pen). (作宾语)

   ③ “of+名词性物主代词属双重所有格的一种形式。

   eg. a cat of hers她的一条狗,a friend of yours你的一个朋友



   eg. A few days laterI myself had to go to Paris. (作同位语)

   She bought herself a new bag. (作动词宾语)

   He’s not worried about himself. (作介词宾语)


   teach oneself自学

   help oneself to随便吃些……

   say to oneself自言自语.

   learn. . . by oneself自学……

   enjoy oneself过得愉快

   leave one by oneself把某人单独留下

   hurt oneself伤了自己

   dress oneself自己穿衣服

   come to oneself苏醒过来



   eg. For yearsthe two sisters looked after one another(each other).多年来姐妹俩互相照顾。

   We should learn from each other.  我们应当互相学习。

   可以用所有格来表示所有关系:each other’s one another’s互相的,彼此的

   eg. They are looking at each other’s pictures.他们相互看对方的照片。



   e. g. : This is an apple treeand that is an orange tree.这是一棵苹果树,那是一棵桔子树。

   These are my friendsand that is my sister.这些是我朋友,那个是我姐姐。


   eg. Steve had a bad cold. ThisThat was why he didn’t come to school yesterday·



   ①each “每个/各个”(强调个体),用于两者或两者以上。

   eg. Two girls came and I gave an apple to each.来了俩姑娘,我给她们每人一个苹果。

   Each of them has a nice ring.


   ②every “每个/各个”(强调全体),用于两者以上。every常作形容词用。

   eg. Every day is important to us.每一天对我们来说都很重要。

    He has read every book(all the books) on the subject.他阅读了所有有关这个主题的书。


   eg. Her parents are both doctors.她父母都是医生。

   Both of them are doctors.他俩都是医生。

   They both like potatoes.他俩都喜欢吃土豆。


   eg. That’s all for today.今天到此为止。

   All of us are fromChina.我们都来自中国。

   All the food is delicious.所有的食物都很好吃。


   eg. The two coats are cheapso you can choose either of them.那两件外套不贵,你可以随便挑一件。


   eg. Neither of the books isare so interesting.那两本书没一本好看的。

   ⑦no(=not anynot a)“没有可接可数名词单或复数,也可接不可数名词。

   eg. I have no brothers or sisters.我没有兄弟姐妹。

   A clock has no mouthbut it can talk.  钟表没有嘴,但能说话。

   There is no fire without some smoke.有火就有烟。


   eg. None of them hashave been to Japan.他们都没去过日本。

   I like none of the books.这些书我全都不喜欢。


   eg. I don’t know all of you.我不完全认识你们。

   Not everyone of us know how to go there.不是我们每个人都知道怎样去那儿。

  (2)oneonesno one的用法

   one用来代替前面刚提到的一件东西或一个人,以免重复;复数ones用来代替前面提到的一些物或一些人;no one表示否定。

   e. ——Would you please pass me the science book?给我递一下那本科学方面的书好吗?

   Which one?哪一本?

   The one on my shelf.我书架上的那本。

   No one has traveled farther than to the moon.没有人到过比月球更远的地方。



   eg. Many of the students come fromEngland.那些学生许多是从英国来的。

   Thanksit’s too much for me.谢谢,我承受不起。


eg. There were few people in the street last night.昨晚街上没什么人。

   I am very worried that I have little time to finish the job.我担心,我几乎没有时间完成这项工作了。

   ③a few(+复数名词)a little(+不可数名词)表示有一些/有几个”(表肯定)

   eg. I can see a few cakes and a little bread in the fridge.我看到冰箱里有几块蛋糕和一些面包。

注意:quite a few表示相当多

   eg. There are quite a few students over there.那儿有相当多的学生。


   eg. There are some birds in the tree.树上有些鸟。

   There is some water in the bottle.瓶里有些水。

   I don’t have any brothers or sisters.我没有兄弟或姐妹。

   Is there any tea in the cup?杯子里有茶吗?

   ⑤. some一般用于肯定句,但在表示请求、建议、反问等的疑问句中,多用some

   eg: Would you like some beer?你要来点啤酒吗?

   Why didn’t you buy some sweets?(You should have bought. . . )你怎么没买点糖果?

   ⑥. any一般用于疑问句和否定句及条件从句

   eg. There isn’t any water left.没有剩下一点水。

   If you have any questions, put up your hands, please.如果有问题,请举手。


   e. I’ll catch up with you some day.总有一天我会赶上你的。

   Come any day you like.你哪天来都行。

   Tom is taller than any other student in his class.汤姆比他班上其他任何一个学生都高。

  (4) one ,other, others, the others ,another等的用法  

   one…the other  表示两个人或两件东西中的一个……另一个

   eg. Mr Smith has two daughters. One is a teacher, the other is a nurse.

   one …another 表示不定数目中的一个另一个

   eg. I don’t want this one, please give me another.

   one …the others 强调在一定范围中的一个其余的

   eg. In our school, one of the teachers is Americanthe others are Chinese.

some… the others表示许多人或物,不在一定范围中的一部分其余的全部

   eg. Some students are readingthe others are drawing pictures.

   ⑤others=other+名词;the othersthe other+名词。

   eg. Some students like travelingothers(other students) like watching TV at home.


   eg. He will be able to finish his work in another two hours.再过两个小时他就能完成他的工作。



eg. Someone is knocking at the door.有人在敲门。


   eg. There is something important on today’s newspaper.今天的报纸有些重要新闻。


   eg. Something is wrong. (变为否定句)

   Something isn’t wrong. (错误)

   Nothing is wrong. (正确)


eg. There is something new in the park.公园里有些新的景点。

   Do you have anything interesting to tell us?你有什么有趣的事要告诉我们吗?


   eg. Is someone coming this afternoon?今天下午有客人来吗?

   Anyone can make mistakes.  任何人都可能犯错误。


   (1)whowhom (指人).

   作主语 eg. Who wants to go with him?

   作宾语 eg. WhoWhom are you waiting for?(作介词for的宾语)

   eg. WhoWhom do you want to meet?(作动词meet的宾语)

   作表语 eg. WhoWhom are they?


   作定语 eg.  Whose pen is this?

   作表语 eg.  Whose is this pen?


   作定语 eg. Which girl is Kathy?

   作表语 eg.  Which is the boy’s ball?


   作主语 eg.  What’s on the table?

   作宾语 eg. What are you doing?

   作表语 eg.  What is he?

   作定语 eg.  What class are you in?



   eg. This is the man who gave me the book.   这就是给我书的那个人。

   The money thatwhich is on the table is mine.  桌上的钱是我的。

   The money thatwhich my mother gave me is on the table.  我妈妈给我的钱在桌上。

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